Does your baby have itchy, dry, red skin and trouble sleeping? He or she may have atopic eczema. This skin disease, often chronic, is also called atopic dermatitis. . It can take many forms in young children. What is atopic eczema? What are the causes of atopic eczema and the symptoms? How do you treat, relieve and prevent flare-ups? We cover all of these topics in today's article.
What is atopic eczema ?
Atopic eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that causes itching, redness and sometimes lesions on the skin. When a baby has atopic eczema, the skin is irritated, dry and often cracked. It may also have swelling or edema. Rest assured, this skin condition is not contagious! However, the term "atopic" implies that this disease comes from a genetic background favorable to allergies. Atopy makes the child more sensitive to all types of allergens (hair, food, dust mites, pollen, etc.).
What areas are affected by eczema?
In young children with eczema, flare-ups can be found on the hands, cheeks, forehead, neck, elbows, back and knees.
What causes atopic eczema?
The causes of atopic eczema can be varied. Please note that babies with eczema often have a genetic predisposition. In fact, according to the Ameli.fr website, 50 to 70% of them have a first-degree relative who is affected. Among the other causes of eczema, we note that very dry skin, with a non-existent hydrolipidic film, is more sensitive to the environment (sun, pollution, washing products, etc.). As their skin is not protected, it is more permeable. To defend itself, the body will trigger an inappropriate immune defense: eczema sets in.
The immune reaction can also come from an allergic reaction to a food.
How many babies are affected by this skin condition ?
It is estimated that atopic dermatitis affects 1 in 5 babies! Most of the time, the first eczematous flare-ups appear during the first three months of an infant's life. These flare-ups can be recurrent or more spaced out. It is noticeable that children who live in polluted cities or with very hard water are more prone to them.
Generally, after 2 years of age, the outbreaks take on a different appearance: they create thicker, whitish patches on the surface of the skin and itch strongly. With age, the irritations are located more in the folds: elbows, knees, behind the ears, buttocks and wrists.
In some cases, eczema can disappear completely after a few years. In others, the disease returns sporadically, somewhat unexpectedly. Finally, in the most "severe" cases, the disease never leaves its subject and can last into adulthood.
What are the signs and symptoms of eczema?
Since there are many forms of eczema, there are also many signs and symptoms. Here are just three:
- In the case of atopic eczema, the infant's skin will show dry red patches, itching, oozing and potentially thickened skin.
- In contact eczema (allergy due to contact with an allergen), the skin will have red patches and pus-filled blisters. Scabs may appear when the skin heals.
- In the case of eczema on the scalp, the infant will have yellowish crusts. This eczema is due to a higher than normal secretion of sebum.
In all cases, the baby will be uncomfortable and will try to scratch. These symptoms also lead to late nights and a rather grumpy baby! Now that you know more about the causes of atopic eczema, we will present you with natural solutions for atopic eczema.
Natural solutions to relieve skin prone to atopic eczema
Treating and relieving dry skin with an atopic tendency
When a baby suffers from atopic eczema, it is important to offer him daily care that will repair and reinforce the skin barrier. Indeed, the skin does not ensure any more its role of barrier and protection. By strengthening it, we treat the cause. For that, we advise you to use the la Emollient Cream eczema atopic Baby certified BIO. An emollient cream is a cream that moisturizes, softens the skin, strengthens its protective barrier and soothes redness. This cream contains a plant extract, the Cassia Alata, an ancestral plant from Madagascar. Cassia Alata has exceptional virtues to treat and relieve the atopic eczema. This innovation is patented by Téane Laboratories. Rated 100/100 on Yuka, this cream has proven itself: 100% of people who tested the cream found their skin more soothed and 72% found it moisturized longer.
Cleanse and protect the skin during the bath
Before the bath, you can coat your child's skin with Baby Bath and Massage Oil. This oil will wrap your baby in a protective layer. This certified organic oil protects the skin from the drying effects of water. It is also nourishing because it contains essential fatty acids. It can also be used to make a massage or to nourish the skin locally (dry patches, cradle cap...).
The first thing to do, even if your baby does not have skin problems, is to use soft and natural care. Exit the aggressive surfactants, the skin of a baby needs softness! For that, choose soaps surgras or washing gels without soap, like the Washing Gel Baby of the Laboratories Téane. Certified organic, this washing product does not dry the skin and is perfectly suited to atopic skin. In its formula, we find soothing, calming and moisturizing ingredients. Everything you need to take care of your skin!
These three products are part of the prevention phase. They can also be used during outbreaks to treat. Their gentleness can only be good for the skin! To prevent flare-ups, be sure to avoid baths that are too hot. But also to pat the skin dry and to avoid synthetic materials.
In case of severe atopic eczema, consult a doctor.