Ever since you got pregnant, your skin has been dull with nasty breakouts and blackheads. Unfortunately, you have pregnancy acne. You are not alone, 4 out of 10 women are also prone to acne during pregnancy. Although acne is harmless for the baby, it can quickly undermine your morale!
We explain everything about pimples during pregnancy and solutions to reduce it.
- What is Acne?
- The causes of acne
- Our advice to reduce your pregnancy pimples
What is Acne?
Acne is a skin disease characterized by the eruption of red pimples , blackheads and cysts. According to dermato-info there are several forms of acne:
- Retentional acne characterized by shiny skin, dilated pores and the presence of blackheads (comedones) and whiteheads (microcysts).
- Inflammatory acne which corresponds to a microbial proliferation inside these blackheads and whiteheads. At this stage, papules and pustules appear, even nodules.
- Cystic acne caused by untreated or poorly treated inflammatory lesions that have led to a change in the very structure of the skin and often scarring.
The causes of acne
This dermatological imbalance is actually a hormonal upheaval . During pregnancy, women experience strong surges of hormones, progesterone and especially estrogen. These hormones disrupt the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands, glands that produce sebum. During pregnancy, these glands can produce more sebum. Consequence: the sebum clogs the pores of your skin and pimples appear.
Oily skin and pimples
This hormonal disruption can also cause the skin to overproduce sebum, resulting in some pregnant women's appearance of shiny, oily skin. This surplus mixing with the dead cells of the skin clogs the pores. Favored by a greasy environment, bacteria thus develop in large numbers, which causes inflammation of the skin, blackheads and pimples.
Dry skin and acne
Unlike oily skin, during pregnancy for some women, hormones cause an imbalance in the skin by drying it out. The female hormone (estrogen) no longer sends enough signals to produce a minimum level of sebum to protect the skin. This dryness can then appear or be accentuated if you already knew this type of problem. A normal amount of sebum has the role of moisturizing the epidermis, providing it with suppleness and softness as well as participating in the balance of the bacterial flora. If this quantity decreases the skin becomes fragile. Signs of dryness and pimples appear because the skin is no longer protected from external and internal aggressions.
Pregnancy acne closely resembles that of adolescence, a period of great hormonal upheavals as well. Your acne may last several weeks or even months. or even be discontinuous.
Our advice to reduce your imperfections
Whether in the case of dry and/or oily skin:
A few little rules
We know, easier said than done, but rule #1: avoid touching your pimples . In addition to increasing the proliferation of bacteria and increasing inflammation, you risk leaving acne scars on your face.
During periods of sun, it is advisable to apply total screen to your skin . Even if at the moment, the sun reduces the pimples, they appear even more numerous afterwards! In addition, you will prevent pregnancy mask as well as acne scars.
If you can, reduce the application of make-up and in particular foundations which can "suffocate" your skin. Also regularly clean your makeup brushes to remove excess oil or bacteria.
Remove your make-up every evening, cleanse your face with a solution adapted to your skin and apply an anti-blemish treatment compatible with pregnancy .
Choose good cosmetics
Pay attention to the products and treatments you apply to your skin to treat and reduce pimples during pregnancy . Several products are not recommended during pregnancy. For example, compositions based on certain essential oils may be prohibited because of their “neurotoxic” nature. We also advise you to avoid irritating substances such as alcohol. Choose certified organic care, compatible with pregnancy and breastfeeding. Prefer treatments adapted to your skin (dry, combination to oily skin, skin with imperfections...) and preferably non-comedogenic . To check the ingredients of your cosmetics, you can use the "The truth about cosmetics" website.
An unbalanced, fatty and vitamin-poor diet should be avoided. Indeed, the foods you eat are more or less aggravating factors for the condition of your skin. Drink water several times a day, alternating with herbal teas, for example. Eat several fruits and vegetables a day.
Stress has a real impact on sebum production. More than once we have heard that " our skin is the reflection of our emotions, that is to say that through it, it is all our discomfort that shines through ". You can practice an activity, in agreement with your midwife or doctor, such as swimming or yoga. You can practice meditation, read a good book or practice a good massage with the Generous Soothing Oil certified ORGANIC from Laboratoires Téane. In addition to giving you a moment of well-being, this oil will prevent the appearance of stretch marks: a perfect 2-in-1!
It is better to use natural solutions to treat its imperfections. If your acne persists, you can also consult a dermatologist to find a routine that suits your skin's needs.