- What is atopic skin?
- How to recognize atopic skin?
- Can it be avoided?
- What are the consequences if my child scratches?
- Why use DERMABébé to relieve and treat atopic skin?
What is atopic skin?
Atopic skin is an abnormality of the skin barrier that is characterized by the triggering of an inappropriate immune response. This is due to a personal and/or family predisposition of genetic origin. Environmental allergens (pollen, dust, animal hair, etc.), which are normally well tolerated, can then "penetrate" more deeply and stimulate the immune defense system. This very reactive system will overreact to what it considers an aggression. It will therefore lead to the clinical signs of atopy: itching, inflammation and oozing.
The different stages of the appearance of flare-ups
Phase 1 : Penetration of allergens due to the dysfunction of the skin barrier
Phase 2 : Triggering of an inappropriate inflammatory reaction.
and Phase 3 : Appearance of lesions: redness, roughness, oozing, crusts.
How to recognize an atopic skin?
The location of the lesions is very specific and depends on age. In infants, the lesions mainly concern the face. It is the bulging parts of the face that are affected, such as the forehead, cheeks and chin, while sparing the center of the face and the nose in particular. The outer face of the arms and the thighs are frequently affected. Occasionally, some infants have a more diffuse involvement that involves almost the entire body surface.
There are three types of atopic lesions that will coexist because of the evolution of the disease alternating flare-ups and remissions:
- The flare-ups most often start with a simple redness of the itchy skin. Itching is sometimes difficult to recognize in a very small child. But be aware that it is often the cause of sleep disturbances. The appearance of numerous and palpable small elevations, responsible for a roughness of the skin
- An oozing phase can follow this redness. The elevations turn into vesicles, tiny bubbles of liquid that are barely visible, then rupture and release a translucent liquid on the surface of the skin: this is the oozing phase.
- A crusty phase then occurs during which crusts form on the vesicles that have broken off during the oozing phase.
Can this be avoided?
No unfortunately... Filaggrin, a protein, does not play its role well. This protein is supposed to keep the keratin fibers (found on the surface of the skin) tight. This helps to form a protective barrier on the surface of the skin, and to prevent outside substances (such as allergens) from entering. In this case, this barrier has "holes" in it and therefore allows bad substances to penetrate.
This is a common condition. It is estimated that 10 to 15% of infants have so-called atopic skin. However, there are no very precise figures for the number of patients suffering from atopy in France. In some regions of Europe, up to 30% of infants (between one month and two years) are affected by this disease. These figures are constantly increasing. Differences exist between the different countries according to the socio-economic level. Indeed, the frequency of the disease increases with the improvement of the standard of living.
In very young children, the association of digestive signs such as diarrhea or regurgitation with atopic dermatitis should raise the possibility of a food allergy. In this case, the doctor can seek the advice of a pediatrician to set up an exploration and a specific management.
What are the consequences if my child scratches?
Apart from the permanent feeling of discomfort, the chronic nature of the lesions and scratching is responsible for a thickening of the skin and the crusty phase which could leave scars.
More seriously, the scratching lesions can be responsible for bacterial superinfection, most often caused by staphylococcus aureus, a germ that usually lives on the skin. This infection is rare even if the skin of the atopic person is often colonized by this microbe. It is in the case of pustular lesions and yellowish crusts that this complication should be evoked.
Why use DERMABébé to relieve and treat atopic skin?
La gamme DERMABébé dédiée à la peau sèche, sensible à tendance atopique
The DERMABébé range dedicated to dry, sensitive skin with an atopic tendency DERMABébé is the only organic range treating dry skin with an atopic tendency. The Téane Laboratories have done several years of Research and Development and have registered a patent on an active ingredient: Cassia Alata. Studies have shown that ;Cassia Alata extract has an effect on the clinical signs of atopy. Indeed, it acts on the restoration of the cutaneous barrier by inhibiting the mutation of the gene coding the filaggrine, and thus allowing to have a cutaneous barrier. By being solid, it prevents the external aggressors from penetrating.
The Emollient Cream to relieve and treat the atopic skin
The Emollient Cream is essential to treat and prevent the appearance of the clinical signs of atopy. This cream contains the patented extract of Cassia Alata. It will restore and reinforce the cutaneous barrier of baby. To be applied in the morning and evening from birth. This cream is certified BIO by ECOCERT.